Fibromyalgia is a neurosensory condition characterized by widespread pain in the muscles and bones. Also referred to as fibromyositis and fibrositis, the disorder also involves stiffness, multiple tender points in the body, increased sensitivity to painful stimuli, inadequate sleep, etc.
Symptoms of Fibromyalgia
- Sleep disturbances
- Anxiety or depression
- Chronic muscle pain
- Stiffness in joints
- Hypersensitivity to heat or cold
- Impairment in memory
Causes of Fibromyalgia according to Ayurveda
Ayurveda regards the root cause of the condition as the vitiation of Vata dosha which affects the muscular tissue or the Mamsa Dhatu. The accumulation of Ama due to the impaired digestion is believed to block the path of Vata resulting in its aggravation. The vitiated dosha gets lodged in the muscles and causes stiffness, pain, tenderness and fatigue resulting in fibromyalgia.
Management of Fibromyalgia through Ayurveda
Ayurveda recommends management of Fibromyalgia through different approaches that rectify the dosha impairment and prevents the accumulation of Ama.
- Prevent aggravation of Vata
Preventing the causative factors for Vata vitiation is the first step in managing the condition. Incorporating healthy changes in dietary habits, regime and lifestyle would help balance the doshic impairment. Regular practice of pranayama, meditation and yoga are also beneficial for regulating Vata dosha.
- Ensure digestive health
Preventing the formation or accumulation of Ama is vital in managing fibromyalgia to avoid the vitiated Vata dosha getting lodged in the muscles. Restore digestion to normalcy by following healthy eating habits and avoiding unhealthy foods.
- Addressing the pain
Treat the painful areas locally with a warm oil massage accompanied with a steam bath or heat application to promote the flow of Vata and to alleviate the pain. Applying dry heat in sessions followed by oil application and heat again, is advised for stiffness.
- Treat the seat of Vata
Colon is considered the seat of Vata and it gets disturbed due to Vata aggravation. Periodic colon cleanse as advised by the physician is beneficial to maintain balance. The Ayurvedic therapy of Basti which is the medicated emesis is also recommended for acute conditions.
- Promote sound sleep
Shirodhara, the Ayurvedic treatment of caressing the scalp and forehead with gentle streams of warm oil is highly recommended to address the Vata aggravation in the head region, while also to induce a deep sleep. Regular practice of pranayama and meditation is also helpful in promoting a deep relaxation for the body and mind.